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Addict Behav. 2017 Jan;64:118-122. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.08.046. Epub 2016 Sep 1.

Desire thinking as a predictor of craving and binge drinking: A longitudinal study.

Author information

1
Division of Psychology, School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University, London, UK; Studi Cognitivi, Milano, Italy; Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.
2
Division of Psychology, School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University, London, UK; Studi Cognitivi, Milano, Italy; Sigmund Freud University, Milan, Italy.
3
Studi Cognitivi, San Benedetto del Tronto, Italy.
4
Studi Cognitivi, Milano, Italy; Sigmund Freud University, Milan, Italy.
5
Division of Psychology, School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University, London, UK.
6
Division of Psychology, School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University, London, UK. Electronic address: spadam@lsbu.ac.uk.

Abstract

Desire thinking is a conscious and voluntary cognitive process orienting to prefigure images, information and memories about positive target-related experience. Desire thinking has been found to be associated with both craving and alcohol use in clinical and non-clinical populations, however its role in predicting craving and problematic drinking patterns has never been investigated using a longitudinal design. The central aim of the present study was to explore the role of desire thinking at Time 2 (3months post-baseline) in predicting craving and binge drinking and Time 3 (6months post-baseline), controlling for levels of both these constructs and Time 1 (baseline). One hundred and thirty three non-hazardous drinkers were assessed on craving and binge drinking at Times 1 and 3, and on desire thinking at Time 2. Findings showed that desire thinking at Time 2 predicted craving and binge drinking at Time 3, controlling for craving and binge drinking at Time 1. Furthermore, the imaginal prefiguration component of desire thinking at Time 2 was found to mediate the relationship between craving at Times 1 and 3; conversely the verbal perseveration component of desire thinking at Time 2 was found to mediate the relationship between binge drinking at Times 1 and 3. The implications of these findings are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol use; Binge drinking; Craving; Desire thinking; Metacognitive model

PMID:
27608323
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.08.046
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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