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Rev Psiquiatr Salud Ment. 2017 Apr - Jun;10(2):78-86. doi: 10.1016/j.rpsm.2017.01.001. Epub 2017 Feb 8.

When the healthcare does not follow the evidence: The case of the lack of early intervention programs for psychosis in Spain.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Servicio de Psiquiatría del Niño y del Adolescente, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón (IiSGM). Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense, CIBERSAM, Madrid, España. Electronic address: carango@hggm.es.
2
Unidad de Esquizofrenia Clínic, Institut Clínic de Neurociències, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Departament de Medicina, Universitat de Barcelona. IDIBAPS, CIBERSAM, Barcelona, España.
3
Fundació Althaia, Xarxa Assistencial Universitària de Manresa, Manresa, Barcelona, España.
4
Asociación Madrileña de Amigos y Familiares de Personas con Esquizofrenia, AMAFE, Madrid, España.
5
Departamento de Medicina y Psiquiatría, Universidad de Cantabria. Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, IDIVAL, CIBERSAM, Santander, España.
6
Servicio de Psiquiatría, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra. Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Navarra (IdiSNa), Pamplona, España.
7
Confederación Salud Mental España, FEAFES, Madrid, España.
8
Unidad de Atención Temprana Joven de Fundación Manantial, Madrid, España.
9
Unidad Docente de Psiquiatría y Psicología Médica, Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, España.
10
Programa de Trastornos Bipolares, Departamento de Psiquiatría, Hospital Clínic, Universidad de Barcelona, IDIBAPS, CIBERSAM, Barcelona, España.
11
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, Reino Unido.
12
Mental Health Centre Copenhagen, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Copenhague, Dinamarca.

Abstract

There is now sufficient evidence to support the importance of interventions in the early stages of psychosis. The delay in the detection and treatment of the first-episode psychosis is related to a lower and slower recovery, as well as a higher risk of relapse. Despite this fact, early intervention units or teams are still not regularly implemented in mental health service settings in Spain. In this opinion article, a review is presented of the main arguments for defending the need to implement these programs and strategies in order to achieve this aim. There are a number of programs for early intervention for psychosis currently working in other countries, with a therapeutic program that includes pharmacological and psychosocial interventions, together with public awareness, information dissemination, and family-professional collaboration activities. Published literature on the experience of these programs indicates that early intervention is not only effective in terms of the improvement of health status, but is also economically efficient. The main steps and recommendations needed to implement such early intervention programs in our country are described.

KEYWORDS:

Duración de la psicosis no tratada; Duration of untreated psychosis; Early intervention; Esquizofrenia; First episode psychosis; Intervención temprana; Primer episodio psicótico; Psicosis; Psychosis; Schizophrenia

PMID:
28189442
DOI:
10.1016/j.rpsm.2017.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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