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Healthcare (Basel). 2018 Oct 1;6(4). pii: E121. doi: 10.3390/healthcare6040121.

Correlations of Self-Reported Androgen Deficiency in Ageing Males (ADAM) with Stress and Sleep among Young Adult Males.

Author information

1
Clinical & Translational Science, Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA. ccharlie@hsc.wvu.edu.
2
Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design, Department of Animal & Nutritional Sciences, Agricultural Science Building, G025, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA. mbarr6@mix.wvu.edu.
3
Department of Nutrition, University of Tennessee, 1215 W Cumberland Ave, 229 Jesse Harris Building, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA. scolby@utk.edu.
4
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 02881, USA. ggreene@uri.edu.
5
Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design, Department of Animal & Nutritional Sciences, Agricultural Science Building, G025, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA. Melissa.olfert@mail.wvu.edu.

Abstract

Androgen deficiency in males has traditionally been predominantly limited to older men aged 50+ years. However, little is known of the correlation between hormonal disruption, stress, and sleep in college-aged males. This cross-sectional study investigates lifestyle behavior patterns in young men and a screening for potential androgen deficiency. A survey of 409 male students, as part of a larger USDA-funded GetFruved study, was analyzed for this subproject. Survey instruments used include the Androgen Deficiency in the Aging Male Questionnaire (ADAM) to assess for inadequate ADAM scores, the Perceived Stress Scale to measure stress levels and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index to evaluate sleep quality. In total, 144 male participants (35%) met criteria for potential androgen deficiency defined by the ADAM questionnaire. Correlation was found between having a positive ADAM score and both increased stress levels (p < 0.001) and poor sleep quality (p < 0.001), with stress displaying the strongest effect (p < 0.001 vs p = 0.124). An increased prevalence of having a positive ADAM score versus established norms for this age group was also noted. These findings highlight the need for investigation of endocrine disruptions in young men.

KEYWORDS:

ADAM score; androgen deficiency; low testosterone; sleep; stress; young adult males

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