Send to

Choose Destination

See 1 citation found by title matching your search:

Stat Med. 2016 May 30;35(12):1933-43. doi: 10.1002/sim.6834. Epub 2015 Dec 28.

Consumer's risk in the EMA and FDA regulatory approaches for bioequivalence in highly variable drugs.

Author information

Department of Statistics, Universitat de Barcelona, Av. Diagonal 643, Barcelona, 08028, Spain.
BioClever S.L. Barcelona, Spain.


The 2010 US Food and Drug Administration and European Medicines Agency regulatory approaches to establish bioequivalence in highly variable drugs are both based on linearly scaling the bioequivalence limits, both take a 'scaled average bioequivalence' approach. The present paper corroborates previous work suggesting that none of them adequately controls type I error or consumer's risk, so they result in invalid test procedures in the neighbourhood of a within-subject coefficient of variation osf 30% for the reference (R) formulation. The problem is particularly serious in the US Food and Drug Administration regulation, but it is also appreciable in the European Medicines Agency one. For the partially replicated TRR/RTR/RRT and the replicated TRTR/RTRT crossover designs, we quantify these type I error problems by means of a simulation study, discuss their possible causes and propose straightforward improvements on both regulatory procedures that improve their type I error control while maintaining an adequate power.


interval inclusion principle; point estimate constraint; scaled average bioequivalence

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center