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PLoS Comput Biol. 2014 Jun 12;10(6):e1003679. doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003679. eCollection 2014 Jun.

Computational modeling of allosteric regulation in the hsp90 chaperones: a statistical ensemble analysis of protein structure networks and allosteric communications.

Author information

1
School of Computational Sciences and Crean School of Health and Life Sciences, Schmid College of Science and Technology, Chapman University, Orange, California, United States of America.
2
School of Computational Sciences and Crean School of Health and Life Sciences, Schmid College of Science and Technology, Chapman University, Orange, California, United States of America; Department of Pharmacology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America.

Abstract

A fundamental role of the Hsp90 chaperone in regulating functional activity of diverse protein clients is essential for the integrity of signaling networks. In this work we have combined biophysical simulations of the Hsp90 crystal structures with the protein structure network analysis to characterize the statistical ensemble of allosteric interaction networks and communication pathways in the Hsp90 chaperones. We have found that principal structurally stable communities could be preserved during dynamic changes in the conformational ensemble. The dominant contribution of the inter-domain rigidity to the interaction networks has emerged as a common factor responsible for the thermodynamic stability of the active chaperone form during the ATPase cycle. Structural stability analysis using force constant profiling of the inter-residue fluctuation distances has identified a network of conserved structurally rigid residues that could serve as global mediating sites of allosteric communication. Mapping of the conformational landscape with the network centrality parameters has demonstrated that stable communities and mediating residues may act concertedly with the shifts in the conformational equilibrium and could describe the majority of functionally significant chaperone residues. The network analysis has revealed a relationship between structural stability, global centrality and functional significance of hotspot residues involved in chaperone regulation. We have found that allosteric interactions in the Hsp90 chaperone may be mediated by modules of structurally stable residues that display high betweenness in the global interaction network. The results of this study have suggested that allosteric interactions in the Hsp90 chaperone may operate via a mechanism that combines rapid and efficient communication by a single optimal pathway of structurally rigid residues and more robust signal transmission using an ensemble of suboptimal multiple communication routes. This may be a universal requirement encoded in protein structures to balance the inherent tension between resilience and efficiency of the residue interaction networks.

PMID:
24922508
PMCID:
PMC4055421
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003679
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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