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Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 Apr;40(4):276-285. doi: 10.1016/j.gastrohep.2017.01.001. Epub 2017 Feb 20.

Comparison of the prognostic value of Chronic Liver Failure Consortium scores and traditional models for predicting mortality in patients with cirrhosis.

[Article in English, Spanish]

Author information

1
Gastroenterology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Algarve, Rua Leão Penedo, 8000-386 Faro, Portugal. Electronic address: sergiogiao@hotmail.com.
2
Gastroenterology Department, Centro Hospitalar de Setúbal, Rua Camilo Castelo Branco, 2910-446 Setúbal, Portugal.
3
Gastroenterology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Algarve, Rua Leão Penedo, 8000-386 Faro, Portugal.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM:

Recently, the European Association for the Study of the Liver - Chronic Liver Failure (CLIF) Consortium defined two new prognostic scores, according to the presence or absence of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF): the CLIF Consortium ACLF score (CLIF-C ACLFs) and the CLIF-C Acute Decompensation score (CLIF-C ADs). We sought to compare their accuracy in predicting 30- and 90-day mortality with some of the existing models: Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP), Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD), MELD-Na, integrated MELD (iMELD), MELD to serum sodium ratio index (MESO), Refit MELD and Refit MELD-Na.

METHODS:

Retrospective cohort study that evaluated all admissions due to decompensated cirrhosis in 2 centers between 2011 and 2014. At admission each score was assessed, and the discrimination ability was compared by measuring the area under the ROC curve (AUROC).

RESULTS:

A total of 779 hospitalizations were evaluated. Two hundred and twenty-two patients met criteria for ACLF (25.9%). The 30- and 90-day mortality were respectively 17.7 and 37.3%. CLIF-C ACLFs presented an AUROC for predicting 30- and 90-day mortality of 0.684 (95% CI: 0.599-0.770) and 0.666 (95% CI: 0.588-0.744) respectively. No statistically significant differences were found when compared to traditional models. For patients without ACLF, CLIF-C ADs had an AUROC for predicting 30- and 90-day mortality of 0.689 (95% CI: 0.614-0.763) and 0.672 (95% CI: 0.624-0.720) respectively. When compared to other scores, it was only statistically superior to MELD for predicting 30-day mortality (p=0.0296).

CONCLUSIONS:

The new CLIF-C scores were not statistically superior to the traditional models, with the exception of CLIF-C ADs for predicting 30-day mortality.

KEYWORDS:

Cirrosis hepática; Liver cirrhosis; Mortalidad; Mortality; Prognosis; Pronóstico; Sobrevida; Survival

PMID:
28222896
DOI:
10.1016/j.gastrohep.2017.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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