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J Hand Ther. 2017 Jan - Mar;30(1):13-19. doi: 10.1016/j.jht.2016.09.001. Epub 2016 Nov 4.

Comparison of effects of eccentric training, eccentric-concentric training, and eccentric-concentric training combined with isometric contraction in the treatment of lateral elbow tendinopathy.

Author information

1
Department of Health Sciences, Physiotherapy Program, School of Sciences, European University Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus. Electronic address: D.Stassinopoulos@euc.ac.cy.
2
Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Centre, Athens, Greece.

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN:

RCT.

INTRODUCTION:

Lateral elbow tendinopathy is a common clinical condition. eccentric exercises. eccentric-concentric loading and, isometric exercises are indicated to reduce and manage tendon pain.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY:

To compare the effectiveness of eccentric training, eccentric-concentric training, and eccentric-concentric training combined with isometric contraction in the treatment of lateral elbow tendinopathy.

METHODS:

A randomized clinical trial was carried out in a rheumatology and rehabilitation center. A group of 34 patients with later elbow tendinopathy was randomly allocated to Group A (n = 11) who underwent eccentric training, Group B had eccentric-concentric and Group C who had eccentric-concentric and isometric training. All patients received 5 treatments per week for 4 weeks. Pain was evaluated using a visual analog scale and function using a visual analog scale and pain-free grip strength at the end of the 4-week course of treatment (week 4) and 1 month (week 8) after the end of treatment.

RESULTS:

The eccentric-concentric training combined with isomentric contractions produced the largest effect in the reduction of pain and improvement of function at the end of the treatment (P < .05) and at any of the follow-up time points (P < .05).

CONCLUSION:

The eccentric-concentric training combined with isomentric contractions was the most effective treatment. Future well-designed studies are needed to confirm the results of the present trial.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

III.

KEYWORDS:

Eccentric training; Isometric; Lateral elbow tendinopathy eccentric-concentric training; Lateral epicondylitis; Tennis elbow

PMID:
27823901
DOI:
10.1016/j.jht.2016.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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