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J Tuberc Res. 2017 Dec;5(4):292-297. doi: 10.4236/jtr.2017.54030. Epub 2017 Dec 29.

Comparison of HIV Testing among Children and Adults with Tuberculosis, Vietnam.

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Division of Global HIV and TB, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA.
Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, USA.
Vietnam National Tuberculosis Program, Hanoi, Vietnam.


HIV testing among persons with tuberculosis (TB) results in high-yield identification of persons infected with HIV. To evaluate differences in HIV testing among children versus adults with TB in Vietnam, we collected and analyzed age-disaggregated facility and aggregated provincial data from the National Tuberculosis Program. HIV testing was incompletely documented for >70% of children, whereas adult testing data were >90% complete. Standardized training of personnel for universal HIV testing and documentation for children with TB could improve HIV case-detection and permit linking of children with HIV to antiretroviral treatment to prevent morbidity and mortality.


Childhood; Operational Research; Pediatric; Surveillance; TB

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