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Kardiol Pol. 2014;72(6):534-40. doi: 10.5603/KP.a2013.0317. Epub 2013 Dec 2.

Comparison between optical coherence tomography and intravascular ultrasound in detecting neointimal healing patterns after stent implantation.

Author information

1
1st Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland. jkochman@wum.edu.pl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The amount of data comparing intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) for the detection of stent coverage in clinical settings is limited.

AIM:

To make a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the vascular healing patterns in patients after stent implantations visualised by both IVUS and OCT.

METHODS:

Images were obtained in patients with clinical symptoms of angina, who had had a bare metal stent implanted in the previous 12 months. Angiography, IVUS and OCT were performed in 14 coronary arteries. Measurements of stent, lumen and neo-intima areas and dimensions were performed in stented regions and in both 10 mm references. IVUS, OCT, and angiographic data were compared in matched regions. Off-line analyses were performed by an independent core lab.

RESULTS:

14 stents were imaged without any procedural complications. The nominal stent length was 28 ± 4.5 mm. OCT was the most accurate technique for assessing stent length (28.12 ± 6.8 mm), while QCA underestimated length due to foreshortening (22.16 ± 6.39 mm) and IVUS was vulnerable to random error due to discontinuous pullbacks and vessel movements (24.21 ± 7.90 mm). Minimum lumen area (MLA) and minimum lumen diameter (MLD) in reference sites were comparable in IVUS and OCT, whereas there were significant differences between these two modalities for MLA (3.30 ± 1.49 vs. 2.19 ± 1.30 mm², p = 0.0046) and for MLD (2.42 ± 0.51 vs. 1.58 ± 0.56 mm², p = 0.0023) in stented segments. There was a slight overestimation of lumen volume (130.18 ± 70.61 vs. 117.82 ± 67.02 mm³, p = 0.7256),a marked overestimation of stent volume (179.29 ± 97.58 vs. 226.46 ± 108.76 mm³, p = 0.0544) and a statistically significant difference in the neointima volume (49.11 ± 39.70 vs. 108.64 ± 43.77 mm³, p = 0.0060) by IVUS compared to OCT. Mean neointima burden in IVUS was much smaller than in OCT (20.79 ± 14.27% vs. 58.16 ± 18.25%, p = 0.0033).

CONCLUSIONS:

OCT can precisely quantify struts coverage and is more accurate than IVUS in the assessment of vascular healing in patients after stent implantation.

PMID:
24293141
DOI:
10.5603/KP.a2013.0317
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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