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J Biol Chem. 2001 Jul 27;276(30):28106-12. Epub 2001 May 17.

Cloning and characterization of Siglec-10, a novel sialic acid binding member of the Ig superfamily, from human dendritic cells.

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Institute of Immunology, Second Military Medical University, 800 Xiangyin Road, Shanghai 200433, China.


The Siglecs (sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectins) are a subfamily of I-type lectins, which specifically recognize sialic acids. Nine members of the family have been identified thus far. We have obtained a novel cDNA clone from a human dendritic cell cDNA library encoding a protein with sequence and structural features of the Siglec family, hence designated as Siglec-10. The full-length Siglec-10 cDNA encodes a type 1 transmembrane protein containing four extracellular immunoglobulin-like domains, a transmembrane region, and a cytoplasmic tail with two classical immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs. The N-terminal V-set Ig domain has most of the amino acid residues typical of the Siglecs. Siglec-10 shows the closest homology to Siglec-5 and Siglec-3/CD33. Various cells and cell lines including monocytes and dendritic cells express Siglec-10. High levels of mRNA expression were seen in peripheral blood leukocytes, spleen, and liver. When expressed on COS-7 cells, Siglec-10 was able to bind human red blood cells and soluble sialoglycoconjugates in a sialic acid-dependent manner. The identification of Siglec-10 as a new Siglec family member and its expression profile, together with its sialic acid-dependent binding capacity, suggest that it may be involved in cell-cell recognition by interacting with sialylated ligands expressed on specific cell populations.

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