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See 1 citation in Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2010:

Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2010 Dec;5(12):2363-72. doi: 10.2215/CJN.06720810. Epub 2010 Oct 28.

Posttransplant recurrence of primary glomerulonephritis.

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1
Division of Nephrology, Scientific Institute Humanitas, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

All forms of primary GN may recur after kidney transplantation and potentially jeopardize the survival of the graft. IgA nephritis (IgAN) may recur in approximately one third of patients, more frequently in younger patients and in those with a rapid progression of the original disease. However, with the exception of few patients with rapid progression, there is no evidence that recurrence of IgAN has a deleterious effect on graft survival at least up to 10 years. Recurrence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is often associated with nephrotic proteinuria and is more frequent in children, in patients with rapid progression of the original disease, and in those who lost a previous transplant from recurrence. The natural course of recurrent FSGS is usually unfavorable. Early and intensive plasmapheresis may obtain complete or partial response in several patients. Good results have also been reported with rituximab. Idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) may recur in 30% to 40% of patients. The graft survival in patients with IMN is not different than that of patients with other renal diseases. Good results with rituximab have been reported. Membranoproliferative GN (MPGN) may recur in 27% to 65% of patients. The recurrence is more frequent and the prognosis is more severe in type II MPGN. Although recurrent GN is relatively frequent and may worsen the outcome of renal allografts in some patients, its effect is diluted by several other risk-factors that may have a greater effect than recurrent GN on the long-term graft survival.

PMID:
21030574
DOI:
10.2215/CJN.06720810
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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