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Borderline Personal Disord Emot Dysregul. 2014 Oct 14;1:13. doi: 10.1186/2051-6673-1-13. eCollection 2014.

Chronic complex dissociative disorders and borderline personality disorder: disorders of emotion dysregulation?

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1
Towson University, Towson, MD 21252 USA.
2
University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 5A5 Canada.

Abstract

Emotion dysregulation is a core feature of chronic complex dissociative disorders (DD), as it is for borderline personality disorder (BPD). Chronic complex DD include dissociative identity disorder (DID) and the most common form of dissociative disorder not otherwise specified (DDNOS, type 1), now known as Other Specified Dissociative Disorders (OSDD, type 1). BPD is a common comorbid disorder with DD, although preliminary research indicates the disorders have some distinguishing features as well as considerable overlap. This article focuses on the epidemiology, clinical presentation, psychological profile, treatment, and neurobiology of chronic complex DD with emphasis placed on the role of emotion dysregulation in each of these areas. Trauma experts conceptualize borderline symptoms as often being trauma based, as are chronic complex DD. We review the preliminary research that compares DD to BPD in the hopes that this will stimulate additional comparative research.

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