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Bioessays. 2016 Nov;38(11):1093-1101. doi: 10.1002/bies.201600040. Epub 2016 Aug 24.

Can heavy isotopes increase lifespan? Studies of relative abundance in various organisms reveal chemical perspectives on aging.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. lixiyan@stanford.edu.
2
Department of Genetics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. mpsnyder@stanford.edu.

Abstract

Stable heavy isotopes co-exist with their lighter counterparts in all elements commonly found in biology. These heavy isotopes represent a low natural abundance in isotopic composition but impose great retardation effects in chemical reactions because of kinetic isotopic effects (KIEs). Previous isotope analyses have recorded pervasive enrichment or depletion of heavy isotopes in various organisms, strongly supporting the capability of biological systems to distinguish different isotopes. This capability has recently been found to lead to general decline of heavy isotopes in metabolites during yeast aging. Conversely, supplementing heavy isotopes in growth medium promotes longevity. Whether this observation prevails in other organisms is not known, but it potentially bears promise in promoting human longevity.

KEYWORDS:

aging; kinetic isotopic effects; longevity; stable isotope

PMID:
27554342
PMCID:
PMC5108472
DOI:
10.1002/bies.201600040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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