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Free Radic Biol Med. 2004 Sep 15;37(6):823-38.

Calcium mobilization is required for peroxynitrite-mediated enhancement of spontaneous transient outward currents in arteriolar smooth muscle cells.

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  • 1Department of Pathophysiology, First Military Medial University, Guangzhou 510515, People's Republic of China.


Transiently local release of Ca(2+) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) activates nearby Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels to produce spontaneous transient outward currents (STOCs) in smooth muscle cells. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the possible effect of peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) on STOCs in mesenteric arteriolar smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) and decide whether Ca(2+) mobilization was involved in STOCs alteration by ONOO(-). STOCs were recorded and characterized using the perforated whole-cell patch-clamp configuration. The results demonstrated that STOCs activity was greatly suppressed by removal of extracellular Ca(2+); by addition of nifedipine, a specific inhibitor of L-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels (VGCCs); or by addition of ryanodine, a SR ryanodine receptors (RyRs) blocker. In contrast, both caffeine, a RyR activator, and 2-aminoethoxydiphenylborate (2-APB), a membrane-permeable inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors, (IP3R) antagonist, increased STOCs activity. 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1), an ONOO(-) donor, at concentrations of 20-200 microM, induced a dose-dependent enhancement of STOCs in ASMCs and led to conspicuous increases in STOCs frequency and amplitude, which were prevented by prior exposure to low external Ca(2+) (200 nM), ryanodine (10 microM), or nifedipine (10 microM). In contrast, caffeine (0.5 mM) did not further stimulate STOCs in ASMCs preincubated with SIN-1, and pretreatment with 2-APB (50 microM) had little effect on ONOO(-) -induced STOCs activation. These findings suggest that complex Ca(2+)-mobilizing pathways, including external Ca2+ influx through VGCCs activation and subsequent internal Ca(2+) release through RyRs but not IP3Rs, are involved in ONOO(-)mediated STOCs enhancement in ASMCs.

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