Send to

Choose Destination

See 1 citation found by title matching your search:

Cell Physiol Biochem. 2013;32(6):1878-90. doi: 10.1159/000356644. Epub 2013 Dec 20.

CCK1-receptor stimulation protects against gut mediator-induced lung damage during endotoxemia.

Author information

Department of General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery, University Hospital of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.



Cholecystokinin 1-receptor (CCK1-R) activation by long chain fatty acid (LCFA) absorption stimulates vago-vagal reflex pathways in the brain stem. The present study determines whether this reflex also activates the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, a pathway known to modulate cytokine release during endotoxemia.


Mesenteric lymph was obtained from wild type (WT) and CCK1-R knockout (CCK1-R(-/-)) mice intraperitoneally challenged with Lipopolysaccharid (LPS) (endotoxemic lymph, EL) and intestinally infused with vehicle or LCFA-enriched solution. The lymph was analyzed for TNFα, IL-6 and IL-10 concentration and administered to healthy recipient mice via jugular infusion. Alveolar wall thickness, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and TUNEL positive cells were determined in lung tissue of recipient mice.


LCFA infusion in WT mice reduced TNFα concentration in EL by 49% compared to vehicle infusion, but had no effect in CCK1-R(-/-) mice. EL significantly increased the alveolar wall thickness, the number of MPO-positive and TUNEL-positive cells compared to control lymph administration. LCFA infusion in WT, but not in CCK1R(-/-) mice, significantly reduced these pathological effects of EL.


During endotoxemia enteral LCFA absorption reduces TNFα release into mesenteric lymph and attenuates histomorphologic parameters of lung dysfunction. Failure to elicit this effect in CCK1R(-/-) mice demonstrates that anti-inflammatory properties of LCFAs are mediated through CCK1-Rs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center