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J Biotechnol. 2012 Oct 31;161(3):294-301. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2012.06.021. Epub 2012 Jul 2.

Bioconversion of major ginsenosides Rg1 to minor ginsenoside F1 using novel recombinant ginsenoside hydrolyzing glycosidase cloned from Sanguibacter keddieii and enzyme characterization.

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KAIST Institute for Biocentury, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701, Republic of Korea.


This study focuses on the cloning, expression, and characterization of recombinant ginsenoside hydrolyzing glycosidase from Sanguibacter keddieii in order to biotransform ginsenosides efficiently. The gene, termed bglSk, consists of 1857 bp and revealed significant homology to that of glycoside hydrolase family 3. The enzyme was over-expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) using a GST-fused pGEX 4T-1 vector system. The over-expressed recombinant enzymes could convert six major ginsenosides Rb(1), Rb(2), Rc, Rd, Re and Rg(1) into more pharmacologically active rare ginsenosides such as C-Y, C-Mc, C-K, Rg(2)(S), and F(1). Especially, BglSk could completely convert the Rg(1) into F(1). The GST-fused BglSk was purified with GST·bind agarose resin and then characterized. The kinetic parameters for β-glucosidase had apparent K(m) values of 0.456±0.009 and 0.167±0.003 mM and V(max) values of 30.2±0.7 and 4.1±0.1 μmol min(-1) mg of protein(-1) against p-nitrophenyl-β-d-glucopyranoside and Rb(1), respectively.

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