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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012 Jan 6;417(1):646-50. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.12.025. Epub 2011 Dec 11.

Identification of phosphatidylserine as a ligand for the CD300a immunoreceptor.

Author information

1
Department of Immunology, Division of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Abstract

CD300a is a member of CD300 family molecules consisting of seven genes on human chromosome 17 and nine genes in mouse chromosome 11. CD300a has a long cytoplasmic region containing the consensus immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) sequence. Upon crosslinking with antibodies against CD300a, CD300a mediates an inhibitory signal in myeloid cells. However, the ligand for CD300a has not been identified and the physiological role of CD300a remained unclear. Here, we demonstrate that the chimeric fusion protein of CD300a extracellular domain with the Fc portion of human IgG specifically bound phosphatidylserine (PS), which is exposed on the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane of apoptotic cells. PS binding to CD300a induced SHP-1 recruitment by CD300a in mast cells in response to LPS. These results indicated that CD300a is a new PS receptor.

PMID:
22185693
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.12.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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