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Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2001 Aug;41(2):232-6.

Transgene expression of thioredoxin (TRX/ADF) protects against 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-induced hematotoxicity.

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Division of Cellular and Molecular Toxicology of National Institute of Health Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.


TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin) has a variety of toxic effects on a number of organs, including the hematopoietic system. The importance of TCDD-induced oxidative stress has been evaluated in several target organs. However, its role in hematotoxicity remains poorly understood, although bone marrow is known to produce reactive oxygen species. The aim of this study is to evaluate not only the contribution of oxidative stress to TCDD-induced hematotoxicity but also the protective function of TRX/ADF, a known anti-oxidative stress agent, on the hematotoxicity of TCDD in ADF wild-type (WT) and transgenic (Tg) mice. WT and Tg mice received a single intraperitoneal injection of 20 microg TCDD/kg. One day after the treatment, blood and bone marrow cellularity was measured and bone marrow levels of granulotyce/macrophage colony-forming units were determined in the in vitro colony assay. The expression of human TRX transgene by their bone marrow cells was analyzed by Western blot electrophoresis. Our results showed that overexpression of TRX/ADF protects against TCDD-induced hematotoxicity, indicating that induction of oxidative stress that results in disruption of redox regulation may be an important mechanism in TCDD-induced bone marrow toxicity. Moreover, we detected a significant decrease of AhR mRNA levels in bone marrow cells of Tg mice following TCDD treatment, suggesting a biological role of TRX/ADF in the AhR-mediated pathway through which TCDD induces oxidative stress.

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