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Mali Med. 2016;31(4):37-47.

[How Bone Densitometry contributes to the diagnosis of Osteoporosis at the Gerontology and Geriatrics Center of Ouakam, Dakar City: 102 observation].

[Article in French; Abstract available in French from the publisher]

Author information

UFR Santé communautaire/Université Alioune Diop de Bambey.
Centre de Gérontologie et Gériatrie de Ouakam.
Service de Médecine Interne/CHU Hôpital Aristide Le Dantec /Dakar.
Service de Médecine Préventive et Santé Publique, Faculté de Médecine, Pharmacie et Odontologie, 1. Université Cheikh Anta DIOP (UCAD), DAKAR Santé Publique UCAD.


in English, French


This study aims at assessing the morbidity rate and risk factors of osteoporosis.


This is a cross-sectional study conducted at the Gerontology and Geriatrics Center of Ouakam from 2010 to 2012 with patients who had benefited from a bone densitometry examination. The study variables were: sex, current age, menopausal age, past individual fractures, past family fractures, prolonged corticoid intake, prolonged immobilization, tobacco addiction, and alcoholism. Epi-info version 6 Software was used to process and analyze the data.


The study included 102 patients the majority of which were women (75%), with an average age of 74 years; among these people, 31% had individual past fractures and 10% had family fractures; 8% of the patients had used a prolonged corticoid-based therapy and 2% were tobacco-addicts. The average age of menopause was 48 years. The prevalence rate for osteoporosis was 44%, based on Rachis T-score, 20%, based on Femur T-score and 45%, based on Rachis and Femur T-score. It has been noted that being a woman and past individual fractures rated among the major risk factors of osteoporosis.


These results speak in favor of health authorities setting-up a program to fight osteoporosis centered mainly on primary prevention and screening.


Ouakam's gerontology and geriatrics Center; bone densitometry; bone weakness; centre de gérontologie et gériatrie de Ouakam; fragilité osseuse; menopause; ménopause; osteoporosis; ostéodensitométrie; ostéoporose


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