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Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 2013 Aug 11;3(3):139-49.

Augmenting tendon and ligament repair with platelet-rich plasma (PRP).

Author information

1
Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, USA ; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai, China.
2
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai, China.
3
Laboratory, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, USA.

Abstract

Tendon and ligament injuries (TLI) commonly occur in athletes and non-athletes alike, and remarkably debilitate patients' athletic and personal abilities. Current clinical treatments, such as reconstruction surgeries, do not adequately heal these injuries and often result in the formation of scar tissue that is prone to re-injury. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a widely used alternative option that is also safe because of its autologous nature. PRP contains a number of growth factors that are responsible for its potential to heal TLIs effectively. In this review, we provide a comprehensive report on PRP. While basic science studies in general indicate the potential of PRP to treat TLIs effectively, a review of existing literature on the clinical use of PRP for the treatment of TLIs indicates a lack of consensus due to varied treatment outcomes. This suggests that current PRP treatment protocols for TLIs may not be optimal, and that not all TLIs may be effectively treated with PRP. Certainly, additional basic science studies are needed to develop optimal treatment protocols and determine those TLI conditions that can be treated effectively.

KEYWORDS:

PRP; growth factors; tendinopathy; tendon and ligament injury

PMID:
24367773
PMCID:
PMC3838322

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