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Prev Med. 2014 Jul;64:27-31. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.03.022. Epub 2014 Apr 2.

Associations of physical activity and sport and exercise with at-risk substance use in young men: a longitudinal study.

Author information

1
Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, CHUV, Av. Beaumont 21 bis, Pavillon 2, CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address: Yves.Henchoz@chuv.ch.
2
Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, CHUV, Av. Beaumont 21 bis, Pavillon 2, CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland; Institute of Psychology, University of Lausanne, 'Geopolis' building, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
3
Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, CHUV, Av. Beaumont 21 bis, Pavillon 2, CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland.
4
Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital, CHUV, Av. Beaumont 21 bis, Pavillon 2, CH-1011 Lausanne, Switzerland; Addiction Switzerland, Case postale 870, CH-1001 Lausanne, Switzerland; Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 250 College St., Toronto, Ontario M5T 1R8, Canada; University of the West of England, Frenchay Campus, Coldharbour Lane, Bristol BS16 1QY, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study aims to measure the associations of physical activity and one of its components, sport and exercise, with at-risk substance use in a population of young men.

METHOD:

Baseline (2010-2012) and follow-up (2012-2013) data of 4748 young Swiss men from the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors (C-SURF) were used. Cross-sectional and prospective associations between at-risk substance use and both sport and exercise and physical activities were measured using Chi-squared tests and logistic regression models adjusting for covariates.

RESULTS:

At baseline, logistic regression indicated that sport and exercise is negatively associated with at-risk use of cigarettes and cannabis. A positive association was obtained between physical activity and at-risk alcohol use. At baseline, sport and exercise was negatively associated with at-risk use of cigarettes and cannabis at follow-up. Adjusted for sport and exercise, physical activity was positively associated with at-risk use of cigarettes and cannabis.

CONCLUSION:

Sport and exercise is cross-sectionally and longitudinally associated with a low prevalence of at-risk use of cigarettes and cannabis. This protective effect was not observed for physical activity broadly defined. Taking a substance use prevention perspective, the promotion of sport and exercise among young adults should be encouraged.

KEYWORDS:

At-risk substance use; Physical activity; Prevention; Sports; Young adult

PMID:
24704130
DOI:
10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.03.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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