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Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2008 Mar;78(3):171-82. doi: 10.1016/j.plefa.2008.01.003. Epub 2008 Mar 7.

Association of fish and long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intakes with the occurrence of depressive episodes in middle-aged French men and women.

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Unité Nutrition et Régulation Lipidique des Fonctions Cérébrales (NuRéLiCe), UR 909, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Centre de Recherche de Jouy, Jouy-en-Josas, France.


This study aimed to seek whether habitual fish and seafood or n-3 long-chain PUFA intake could influence the occurrence of depressive episodes. In a subsample from the French SU.VI.MAX cohort, dietary habits have been assessed during the first 2 years of the follow-up (six 24-h records) and declarations of antidepressant prescription, taken as markers of depressive episodes, have been recorded during the 8-year follow-up. Subjects consuming fatty fish or with an intake of long-chain n-3 PUFA higher than 0.10% of energy intake had a significantly lesser risk of any depressive episode and of recurrent depressive episodes, but not of single depressive episode. These associations were stronger in men and in non-smokers. In contrast, smokers eating fatty fish had an increased risk of recurrent depression. These results suggest that a usual intake of fatty fish or long-chain n-3 PUFA may decrease the risk of recurrent depression in non-smokers.

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