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Peptides. 2014 Jun;56:116-24. doi: 10.1016/j.peptides.2014.03.022. Epub 2014 Apr 12.

Appetite regulating peptides in red-bellied piranha, Pygocentrus nattereri: cloning, tissue distribution and effect of fasting on mRNA expression levels.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL A1B 3X9, Canada; Department of Biochemistry, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL A1B 3X9, Canada. Electronic address: hvolkoff@mun.ca.

Abstract

cDNAs encoding the appetite regulating peptides apelin, cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript (CART), cholecystokinin (CCK), peptide YY (PYY) and orexin were isolated in red-bellied piranha and their mRNA tissue and brain distributions examined. When compared to other fish, the sequences obtained for all peptides were most similar to that of other Characiforme fish, as well as to Cypriniformes. All peptides were widely expressed within the brain and in several peripheral tissues, including gastrointestinal tract. In order to assess the role of these peptides in the regulation of feeding of red-bellied piranha, we compared the brain mRNA expression levels of these peptides, as well as the gut mRNA expression of CCK and PYY, between fed and 7-day fasted fish. Within the brain, fasting induced a significant increase in both apelin and orexin mRNA expressions and a decrease in CART mRNA expression, but there where were no significant differences for either PYY or CCK brain mRNA expressions between fed and fasted fish. Within the intestine, PYY mRNA expression was lower in fasted fish compared to fed fish but there was no significant difference for CCK intestine mRNA expression between fed and fasted fish. Our results suggest that these peptides, perhaps with the exception of CCK, play a major role in the regulation of feeding of red-bellied piranha.

KEYWORDS:

Apelin; CART; CCK; Fasting; Feeding; Orexin; PYY; Red-bellied piranha; mRNA expression

PMID:
24721336
DOI:
10.1016/j.peptides.2014.03.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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