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Toxicol Lett. 2018 Jan 5;282:25-36. doi: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2017.10.002. Epub 2017 Oct 5.

An in vitro cytotoxic approach to assess the toxicity of heavy metals and their binary mixtures on hippocampal HT-22 cell line.

Author information

1
Environmental Engineering Laboratory, Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. Països Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona, Spain.
2
Environmental Engineering Laboratory, Departament d'Enginyeria Quimica, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. Països Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona, Spain. Electronic address: vikas.kumar@urv.cat.
3
Plataforma de Proteòmica, Parc Científic de Barcelona, C/Baldiri Reixac, 10-12, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
4
Unidad de Toxicologia, Parc Científic de Barcelona, C/Baldiri Reixac, 10-12, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

Humans are exposed to a cocktail of heavy metal toxicants in the environment. Though heavy metals are deleterious, there is a paucity of information on the toxicity of mixtures. In this study, four common neurotoxicity heavy metals lead (Pb) cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As), and methylmercury (MeHg) were exposed individually and as mixtures to HT-22 cell line for 8days. The study established that low dose exposures induced toxicity to the HT-22 cell line during 8days. The results indicates potency dependent response, the toxicity of single metals on the HT-22 cells; MeHg > As > Cd > Pb. The cytotoxicity data of single metals were used to determine the mixtures interaction profile by using the dose additivity and effect additivity method. Metal mixtures showed higher toxicities compared to individual metals. Synergistic, antagonistic or additive effects of the toxicity were observed in different mixtures in low dose exposure. The interactive responses of mixtures depend on the co-exposure metal and their respective concentration. We concluded that the combined effects should be considered in the risk assessment of heavy metal co-exposure and potency. In future, comprehensive mechanistic based investigations needed for understanding the real interactive mixtures effects at molecular level.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Cytotoxicity; Isobologram analysis; Metal mixtures; Mixture toxicity

PMID:
28988819
DOI:
10.1016/j.toxlet.2017.10.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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