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Am J Addict. 2013 Mar-Apr;22(2):162-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2013.00310.x. Epub 2013 Feb 1.

Alcohol use among recent Latino immigrants before and after immigration to the United States.

Author information

1
Center for Substance Use and AIDS Research on Latinos in the United States, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA. delarosa@fiu.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

US-born Latinos have higher rates of alcohol use than Latinos who have immigrated to the United States. However, little is known about the pre-immigration drinking patterns of Latino immigrants or about the changes in their drinking behaviors in the 2 years post-immigration.

OBJECTIVES:

This article reports findings of a longitudinal study that compared rates of regular, binge, and heavy drinking among a cohort of recent Latino immigrants, ages 18-34, prior to immigration to the United States and in the 2 years post-immigration.

METHODS:

Baseline data were collected on the drinking patterns of 405 Latino immigrants living in the United States for 12 months or less. A follow-up assessment occurred during their second year in the United States.

RESULTS:

Findings indicate that number of days of drinking declined significantly post-immigration. Binge alcohol use (five or more drinks on the same occasion during the past 90 days) significantly declined during the post-immigration period. Heavy alcohol use (five or more drinks on the same occasion on five or more days during the past 90 days) also significantly decreased.

CONCLUSIONS:

Results suggest a need for continued exploration of pre-immigration drinking patterns and research to uncover underlying factors associated with declines in rates of problematic alcohol use among recent Latino immigrants.

SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE:

The results of this study can aid in furthering our understanding of the alcohol use of Latino immigrants ages 18-34 prior to and post immigration to the United States to guide future research and the development of culturally tailored clinical interventions.

PMID:
23414503
PMCID:
PMC3845456
DOI:
10.1111/j.1521-0391.2013.00310.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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