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J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 2012 Aug;5(4):141-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jams.2012.05.001. Epub 2012 Jun 2.

Acupuncture and the emerging evidence base: contrived controversy and rational debate.

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1
Department of Health Sciences, University of York, UK. hugh.macpherson@york.ac.uk

Abstract

The rising incidence of chronic disease and stress-related illness in the West, coupled with an expanding awareness of the unwanted side effects of pharmaceutical treatment, has led to an increased utilization of acupuncture as a contemporary health care option. This increase in utilization, in turn, has paralleled a response to the call for evidence, with the result that acupuncture is now supported by a broad range of surveys of safety, clinical trials and basic science studies of physiologic action. The combined impact of these studies is linked to a growing acceptance of this traditional medical practice. The present review takes a wide-angle look at these three major areas of acupuncture research, namely: safety and the risks of serious adverse events; clinical efficacy and effectiveness; and physiologic action. We identify advances in knowledge and present a point counterpoint approach to controversial issues, with the aim of offering clarification if not a measure of resolution.

PMID:
22898062
DOI:
10.1016/j.jams.2012.05.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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