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Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2018 Apr;48(2):131-139. doi: 10.1111/sltb.12344. Epub 2017 Mar 9.

Accounting for Diversity in Suicide Research: Sampling and Sample Reporting Practices in the United States.

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Department of Counseling & Clinical Psychology, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA.
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA.


Research on suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) has identified many risk factors, but whether these findings generalize to diverse populations remains unclear. We review longitudinal studies on STB risk factors over the past 50 years in the United States and evaluate the methodological practices of sampling and reporting sample characteristics. We found that articles frequently reported participant age and sex, less frequently reported participant race and ethnicity, and rarely reported participant veteran status or lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender status. Sample reporting practices modestly and inconsistently improved over time. Finally, articles predominantly featured White, non-Hispanic, young adult samples.

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