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Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2017 Apr;40:68-81. doi: 10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2016.09.006. Epub 2016 Sep 30.

Adenomyosis and Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB-A)-Pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management.

Author information

1
School of Women's and Children's Health, UNSW, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: j.abbott@unsw.edu.au.

Abstract

The complex pathogenesis and variable presentation of adenomyosis make it one of the most difficult of the FIGO PALM-COIEN abnormal uterine bleeding group to diagnose and treat. Basic clinical parameters such as prevalence are difficult to accurately assess because histological confirmation is usually employed; however, because of the access to and accuracy and utilization of transvaginal ultrasound and other advanced imaging techniques such as MRI, noninvasive diagnosis is recognized to be highly accurate. The clinical symptoms of pain, abnormal uterine bleeding, and subfertility are the primary presentations of adenomyosis with increasing data supporting a substantial role of this disease in reducing fecundity and interfering with assisted reproductive interventions. Treatments have been aimed at managing symptoms and improving fertility options. Management by hysterectomy is not always desired by women, and with many women having children in their fourth and even fifth decades, it is often not reasonable to consider this radical option.

KEYWORDS:

AUB-A; adenomyosis; conservative uterine surgery; uterine junctional zone

PMID:
27810281
DOI:
10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2016.09.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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