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Behav Brain Res. 2014 Jul 15;268:127-38. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2014.04.001. Epub 2014 Apr 12.

A large scale (N=102) functional neuroimaging study of error processing in a Go/NoGo task.

Author information

1
The Nonprofit Mind Research Network (MRN) & Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute (LBERI), Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA; University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA. Electronic address: vsteele@mrn.org.
2
The Nonprofit Mind Research Network (MRN) & Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute (LBERI), Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA.
3
The Nonprofit Mind Research Network (MRN) & Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute (LBERI), Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA; University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA.
4
The Nonprofit Mind Research Network (MRN) & Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Institute (LBERI), Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA; University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, USA; Yale University School of Medicine, USA.
5
Yale University School of Medicine, USA; Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center, Institute of Living, USA.

Abstract

We report a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study of 102 healthy participants who completed a demanding Go/NoGo task. The primary purpose of this study was to delineate the neural systems underlying responses to errors in a large sample. We identified a number of regions engaged during error processing including the anterior cingulate, left lateral prefrontal areas and bilateral inferior frontal gyrus, and the subthalamic nucleus. The power afforded by the large cohort enabled identification of regions not consistently measured during Go/NoGo tasks thus helping to incrementally refine our understanding of the neural correlates of error processing. With the present fMRI results, in combination with our previous exploration of response inhibition (Steele et al.), we outline a comprehensive set of regions associated with both response inhibition and error processing.

KEYWORDS:

Error processing; Go/NoGo; Response inhibition; fMRI

PMID:
24726752
PMCID:
PMC4095785
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbr.2014.04.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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