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RNA Biol. 2017 Sep 2;14(9):1232-1240. doi: 10.1080/15476286.2017.1307484. Epub 2017 Mar 29.

A fly view on the roles and mechanisms of the m6A mRNA modification and its players.

Author information

1
a Laboratory of RNA Epigenetics , Institute of Molecular Biology (IMB) , Mainz , Germany.
2
b School of Biosciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences , University of Birmingham , Edgbaston, Birmingham , UK.

Abstract

RNA modifications are an emerging layer of posttranscriptional gene regulation in eukaryotes. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is among the most abundant modifications in mRNAs (mRNAs) that was shown to influence many physiological processes from yeast to mammals. Like DNA methylation, m6A in mRNA is dynamically regulated. A conserved methyltransferase complex catalyzes the deposition of the methyl group on adenosine, which can be removed by specific classes of demethylases. Furthermore, YTH-domain containing proteins can recognize this modification to mediate m6A-dependent activities. Here we review the functions and mechanisms of the main m6A players with a particular focus on Drosophila melanogaster.

KEYWORDS:

Drosophila; RNA modifications; Sex lethal; m6A; neurogenesis; splicing

PMID:
28353398
PMCID:
PMC5699544
DOI:
10.1080/15476286.2017.1307484
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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