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Arthritis Care Res. 1998 Jun;11(3):158-65.

Effect of satisfaction with one's abilities on positive and negative affect among individuals with recently diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis.

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1
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599-7330, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect that self-evaluation processes have on psychologic well-being among individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS:

The study used a longitudinal research design with 4 data collection points. Participants were 227 adults with recently diagnosed RA. Data were collected via mailed questionnaire and telephone interview. Two dimensions of psychologic well-being were assessed--positive affect and negative affect.

RESULTS:

We found that, among participants who viewed the abilities being evaluated as very important, greater satisfaction at time 1 was associated with less negative affect at time 2 and time 4. Satisfaction was not associated with positive affect at any of the time points, however.

CONCLUSION:

Study findings indicate that dissatisfaction with illness-related abilities can exacerbate psychologic distress. The findings also highlight the need for research examining the role that positive affect plays in adaptation to RA.

PMID:
9782807
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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