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Int J Antimicrob Agents. 1998 Feb;9(4):255-67.

Antibiotic resistance mechanisms in bacteria of oral and upper respiratory origin.

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Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98195-7238, USA.


Over the past 20 years, antibiotic resistance has increased in virtually every species of bacteria examined. In this paper, the main mechanisms of antibiotic resistance currently known for antibiotics used for treatment of disease caused by oral and upper respiratory bacteria will be reviewed, with an emphasis on the most commonly used antibiotics. The possible role that mercury, which is released from silver amalgams, plays in the oral/respiratory bacterial ecology is also discussed, as it relates to possible selection of antibiotic resistant bacteria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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