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Arch Dermatol Res. 1996 Jul;288(8):426-30.

Differential expression of CRABP II, psoriasin and cytokeratin 1 mRNA in human skin diseases.

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Department of Dermatology, Virchow Klinikum, Humboldt-University zu Berlin, Germany.


In order to confirm and further explore the significance of the overexpression of the CRABP II (cellular retinoic acid binding protein type II) and psoriasin genes in psoriatic versus normal skin, we examined the mRNA expression levels of these two genes by in situ hybridization in skin samples from psoriatic plaques and in one case from the border between a psoriatic plaque and uninvolved skin. Both genes were markedly upregulated in lesional skin, with a shift from low to high expression in the transitional zone of the plaque. Expression of the cytokeratin 1 (K1) gene was, in contrast, high in normal skin and decreased in the transition from uninvolved skin to psoriatic plaque, Examination of mRNA levels of CRABP II and psoriasin in other hyperproliferative and inflammatory skin diseases showed high expression of psoriasin, and in some cases also of CRABP II, in atopic dermatitis, mycosis fungoides, Darier's disease and inflammatory lichen sclerosus et atrophicus. In atrophic lesions of lichen sclerosus et atrophicus that lacked an inflammatory infiltrate, these changes were only weakly expressed. These findings demonstrate that altered epidermal gene expression of K1, psoriasin and CRABP II is not disease-specific and may reflect instead an altered state of epidermal differentiation and/or may be linked to the inflammation and cellular infiltration common to all the conditions studied.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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