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Mol Cell Biochem. 1996 Jan 26;154(2):95-100.

The possible relevance of autoxidative glycosylation in glucose mediated alterations of proteins: an in vitro study on myofibrillar proteins.

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Department of Biochemistry, Central Leather Research Institute, Madras, India.


The present work was carried out to examine the role of glycation and transition metal catalysed autoxidation of sugars in glucose-mediated alterations of myofibrillar proteins. Myofibrils were prepared from rat skeletal muscle and incubated with 1) sugar alone 2) sugar and micromolar concentrations of transition metals (Cu2+ or Fe3+) 3) transition metals alone and the control remained without sugar or transition metals. A significant increase in extent of glycation and decrease in ATPase activity of myofibrils incubated under autoxidative conditions were observed over the other three incubations. Reducing agent 2-mercaptoethanol was highly effective in preventing the alterations induced by glucoxidation, compared to EDTA and aminoguanidine, suggesting the involvement of thiol group oxidation in the reduced function of the protein. Free radical scavengers like catalase, benzoic acid and mannitol were also effective in preventing glucose mediated alterations. Although a high concentration of glucose alone has an insignificant effect on myofibrils in vitro, the results from the present work suggest that glucose in combination with transition metals could lead to functional alterations of myofibrils, and this process by generating free radicals may contribute to the overall complications of diabetes and aging.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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