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Percept Mot Skills. 1996 Feb;82(1):67-75.

Visuomotor performance in children with infantile nephropathic cystinosis.

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Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego 92093-0935, USA.


Infantile nephropathic cystinosis is a genetic metabolic disorder in which the amino acid cystine accumulates in various organs, including the kidney, cornea, thyroid, and brain. Despite normal intellect, individuals with cystinosis may have specific impairments in the processing of visual information. To examine further the specific types of deficits in visual processing found in individuals with cystinosis, we administered the Development Test of Visual-motor Integration to 26 children with cystinosis (4 to 16 yr. old) and 26 matched controls. The cystinosis group achieved a significantly lower standard score, raw score, and mean ceiling than did the control group. Qualitative analyses showed that in the cystinosis group, size within errors and rotation errors were more prevalent than in the control group. Correlational analyses showed that with advancing age, the cystinosis subjects tended to fall further behind their chronological age. Our data, together with the findings of previous studies, suggest that the visuospatial difficulties in children with cystinosis may be due to inadequate perception or processing of visually presented information. Furthermore, the increasing discrepancy with age may reflect a progressive cognitive impairment, possibly as a result of cystine accumulation in the brain over time.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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