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Am J Med Genet. 1994 Jan 1;49(1):83-7.

Global intellectual deficits in cystinosis.

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Department of Neurosciences, University of California School of Medicine, La Jolla.


Fourteen families of children with infantile nephropathic cystinosis were evaluated using the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, Fourth Edition [Thorndike et al., 1986: Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, Fourth Ed.]. The IQs of 15 children with cystinosis, their 23 sibs and 24 parents were compared in order to evaluate a potential effect of cystinosis on intelligence. Children with cystinosis had a significantly lower mean IQ than their sibs and their parents (P = .001). Thus, even though the mean IQ of the children with cystinosis (94.4 +/- 10) was within the average range, there is evidence that these children have a mild global intellectual deficit relative to their expected IQ based upon the IQs of other relatives. In addition, to a subset of the subjects we administered a measure of scholastic ability, the Wide Range Achievement Test-Revised [Jastak and Wilkinson, 1984: The Wide Range Achievement Test-Revised], which consists of spelling, reading, and arithmetic subtests. The 11 cystinosis subjects scored significantly lower (P = .01) than their 16 sibs and their 14 parents in the area of spelling, whereas they did not significantly differ in their performance in the areas of reading and arithmetic.

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