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Am J Med Genet. 1994 Oct 1;52(4):467-74.

Retinitis pigmentosa and related disorders: phenotypes of rhodopsin and peripherin/RDS mutations.

Author information

1
Eye Research Institute, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309-4401.

Abstract

Retinitis pigmentosa comprises a group of clinically variable and genetically heterogeneous inherited disorders of the retina. It is estimated that approximately 1.5 million people throughout the world are affected by this disease. It is a slowly progressive disorder and causes loss of night vision and peripheral visual field in adolescence. It can be inherited through an autosomal dominant, recessive, or X-linked mode; the autosomal dominant form is considered to be the mildest form. Molecular genetic studies on the autosomal dominant disorder have shown that, in some families, genes encoding the rhodopsin and peripherin/RDS map very close to the disease loci identified previously by the systematic linkage analyses. These results, together with the observation that a recessive nonsense mutation in the Drosophila opsin gene causes photoreceptor degeneration, prompted an extensive search for the alterations in the human rhodopsin and peripherin/RDS genes in families with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa. As a result, several distinct rhodopsin and peripherin/RDS mutations have been found in approximately 30% of all autosomal dominant cases. A wide variety of clinical expression of the disorder even within a family with the same mutation, its late onset, slow progression, and cone degeneration clearly suggest that some other factors or genes in addition to rhodopsin are responsible for the phenotypic expression of the disorder. In this article, an attempt is made to highlight some of these recent developments and to correlate the various mutations and the phenotypes.

PMID:
7747760
DOI:
10.1002/ajmg.1320520413
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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