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J Endocrinol. 1994 Aug;142(2):367-74.

The effects of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) administration on the levels of IGF-I, IGF-II and IGF-binding proteins in adolescents with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.

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Department of Paediatrics, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford, UK.


Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) during puberty is associated with a reduction in circulating concentrations of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and low IGF bioactivity. Altered levels of the IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs), including low IGFBP-3 and elevated IGFBP-1, have also been described. These abnormalities have been linked to poor growth and deteriorating blood glucose control. We have therefore examined the effects of recombinant human IGF-I (rhIGF-I) administration on the levels of IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-3 and IGF bioactivity in a group of 9 late-pubertal adolescents with IDDM. This was a double-blind placebo controlled study with each individual admitted on two occasions when either rhIGF-I (40 micrograms/kg) or placebo was administered by subcutaneous injection in the thigh at 1800 h. Blood samples were then taken for the subsequent 22 h. The half-life of administered rhIGF-I (12.1-22.2 h) was similar to that previously described in normal subjects. There was a small increase in IGFBP-3 concentrations overnight following rhIGF-I administration when compared to placebo, whereas the levels of IGF-II decreased. Under strict euglycaemic conditions, the relationship between insulin and IGFBP-I did not appear to be affected by rhIGF-I administration although the levels of IGFBP-1 tended to be higher overnight. IGF bioactivity was low during the placebo study, and although within the normal adult range following administration of IGF-I, was still relatively low for adolescents in late puberty.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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