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Infect Immun. 1994 Feb;62(2):651-6.

Novel proteins of Plasmodium falciparum identified by differential immunoscreening using immune and patient sera.

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Molecular Biology Unit, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bombay, India.


A differential serological screen of a lambda gt11 cDNA expression library of Plasmodium falciparum was performed in an attempt to identify novel and putative host-protective antigens of the parasite. The screening was done with two categories of sera: (i) acute-phase sera obtained from smear-positive acutely infected P. falciparum patients from various regions in India and (ii) immune sera taken from healthy, permanent adult residents of P. falciparum-endemic rural districts of Orissa in eastern India. These adults had not suffered from any clinical malarial symptoms for at least the previous 3 years at the time of serum collection. Sixty-five clones obtained by screening the lambda gt11 library with two immune serum samples were analyzed extensively with a total of 70 acutely infected patient serum samples. Eight of these clones failed to react with any of the patient sera. Each of these eight clones, when tested individually with 92 serum samples from the immune group, reacted with a minimum of 43% of the samples from this category of sera. Thus, these eight epitopes may encode host-protective elements since they are not recognized by antibodies in the patient sera but react exclusively and extensively with the clinically immune set. Sequence analysis of two of these clones reveals that they are novel Plasmodium genes.

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