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Eur J Nutr. 2016 Dec;55(8):2485-2492. Epub 2015 Dec 29.

7-Keto-cholesterol and 25-hydroxy-1 cholesterol rapidly enhance ROS production in human neutrophils.

Author information

1
Departamento de Bioquímica Médica y Biología Molecular, Universidad de Sevilla, Seville, Spain.
2
Hospital Nuestra Señora de Valme, Servicio Andaluz de Salud, Seville, Spain.
3
Departamento de Fisiología, Genética y Microbiología, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain.
4
Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Sevilla, C/Profesor García González 2, 41012, Seville, Spain. csm@us.es.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Oxysterols are cholesterol-oxygenated derivatives generated in the organism and also present in foods because of cholesterol oxidation during processing and storage. They are the natural ligands of liver X receptors (LXRs) and are generally recognized as hypocholesterolemic and anti-inflammatory molecules although this latter property is still controversial. Most oxysterol studies have been performed in macrophages, whereas the effects of oxysterols in neutrophils are poorly known. In this study, human neutrophils were exposed to two different oxysterols, 7-keto-cholesterol (7-k-chol) and 25-hydroxy-cholesterol (25-OH-chol), and their possible participation in inflammatory process was evaluated.

METHODS:

Human neutrophils were incubated with 7-k-chol and 25-OH-chol, and ROS production, translocation of the NADPH oxidase cytosolic components, hemoxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression and lysozyme secretion were analyzed.

RESULTS:

An increase in ROS production was observed within a short period of time (minutes) with both molecules. These oxysterols also stimulated the cellular membrane translocation of the NADPH oxidase cytosolic components, p47phox and p67phox. On the other hand, HO-1 expression, a cytoprotector enzyme, is inhibited in human neutrophils upon oxysterols treatment. Moreover, both oxysterols were associated with high lysozyme enzyme secretion at 5 and 18 h of incubation.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present paper describes for the first time that two oxysterols (7-k-chol and 25-OH-chol) enhance the ROS production within a short period of time in human neutrophils, stimulate the translocation of the cytosolic components of NADPH oxidase to the cellular membrane and increase lysozyme secretion. These data suggest that both oxysterols are able to activate pro-inflammatory effects in human neutrophils which contrasts with the role assigned to the oxysterols when they act through LXR at long time of incubation.

KEYWORDS:

Hemoxygenase-1; Lipid metabolism; Neutrophils; Oxysterols; Radical oxygen species

PMID:
26715521
DOI:
10.1007/s00394-015-1142-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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