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Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1982 Apr;13(4):553-60.

Valproic acid and diazepam interaction in vivo.


1 The effect of oral administration of sodium valproate (1500 mg daily) on the distribution and elimination kinetics of intravenously administered diazepam in six healthy volunteers has been studied. 2 During valproate administration the unbound fraction of diazepam in serum increased approximately two fold. This was accompanied by a significant increase in apparent volume of distribution and plasma clearance of diazepam. 3 There was a positive correlation between the change in free fraction and the increase in both apparent volume of distribution and plasma clearance of the drug. 4 The concentration of unbound diazepam in serum (calculated from the percent free diazepam and total serum concentration) was significantly higher during valproate administration. Both the intrinsic clearance and volume of distribution of unbound drug were significantly reduced. 5 Mean serum N-desmethyldiazepam levels were significantly lower during valproate coadministration. 6 These results suggest that valproic acid displaces diazepam from plasma protein binding sites and inhibits its metabolism.

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