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Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2019 Nov;12(11):e008154. doi: 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.119.008154. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

Intravascular Lithotripsy in Calcified Coronary Lesions: A Prospective, Observational, Multicenter Registry.

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Heart Center Bonn, Department of Medicine II, University Hospital Bonn, Germany (A.A., M.U.B., V.T., M.W., F.J., A.S., S.Z., E.G., J.-M.S., G.N.).
Hospital Clinico San Carlos IdiSSC, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain (C.S., N.G., J.E.).
Heart Center Trier, Krankenhaus der Barmherzigen Brüder Trier, Germany (J.L., N.W.).



Optimal plaque preparation of calcified coronary lesions is key to prevent stent failure. The purpose of this study was to determine the strategy success and safety of intravascular lithotripsy (IVL) in calcified lesions of an all-comers cohort.


Patients with calcified coronary lesions were screened in 3 centers. Seventy-one patients were eligible for IVL. Patients were assigned to (group A) primary IVL therapy for patients with calcified de-novo lesions (n=39 lesions), (group B) secondary IVL therapy for patients with calcified lesions in which noncompliant balloon dilatation failed (n=22 lesions), and (group C) tertiary IVL therapy in patients with stent underexpansion after previous stenting (n=17 lesions). Primary end point was strategy success (stent expansion with <20% in-stent residual stenosis) and safety outcomes (procedural complications, in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular event).


Seventy-eight calcified lesions were treated using the Shockwave C2 balloon. Mean diameter stenosis of calcified lesions was 71.8±13.1% at baseline, decreased to 45.1±17.4% immediately after IVL, and to 17.5±15.2% after stenting. Mean minimal lumen diameter was 1.01±0.49 mm at baseline and increased to 1.90±0.61 after IVL, and to 2.88±0.56 mm after stenting. The primary end point of strategy success was reached in 84.6% (group A), 77.3% (group B), and 64.7% (group C). Device delivery and IVL treatment were possible in all lesions. Four type b dissections were observed without further sequelae. No patient suffered from in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular event. Seven Shockwave balloons ruptured during treatment without any sequelae.


IVL provides a valid strategy for lesion preparation in severely calcified coronary lesions with high success rate, low procedural complications, and low major adverse cardiovascular event rates.


atherosclerosis; dilatation; lithotripsy; myocardial infarction; stents

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