Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nutrients. 2019 Oct 23;11(11). pii: E2556. doi: 10.3390/nu11112556.

Intake of Processed Meat and Association with Sociodemographic and Lifestyle Factors in a Representative Sample of the Swiss Population.

Author information

1
Institute of Food and Beverage Innovation, ZHAW School of Life Sciences and Facility Management, Einsiedlerstrasse 34, 8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland. janice.sych@zhaw.ch.
2
Institute of Applied Simulation, ZHAW School of Life Sciences and Facility Management, Einsiedlerstrasse 31a, 8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland. ivo.kaelin@zhaw.ch.
3
Institute of Food and Beverage Innovation, ZHAW School of Life Sciences and Facility Management, Einsiedlerstrasse 34, 8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland. fabi.kretz@gmail.com.
4
Institute of Applied Simulation, ZHAW School of Life Sciences and Facility Management, Einsiedlerstrasse 31a, 8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland. wrob@zhaw.ch.
5
Institute of Food and Beverage Innovation, ZHAW School of Life Sciences and Facility Management, Einsiedlerstrasse 34, 8820 Wädenswil, Switzerland. tlthi@student.ethz.ch.
6
Swiss Centre for Applied Human Toxicology (SCAHT) University of Basel, Missionstrasse 64, 4055 Basel, Switzerland. rex.fitzgerald@unibas.ch.
7
Division of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University of Zurich, Hirschengraben 84, 8001 Zurich, Switzerland. Giulia.Pestoni@usz.ch.
8
Division of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University of Zurich, Hirschengraben 84, 8001 Zurich, Switzerland. david.faeh@bfh.ch.
9
Health Department-Nutrition and Dietetics, Bern University of Applied Sciences, 3008 Bern, Switzerland. david.faeh@bfh.ch.
10
Division of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University of Zurich, Hirschengraben 84, 8001 Zurich, Switzerland. jean-philippe.krieger@gu.se.
11
Division of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University of Zurich, Hirschengraben 84, 8001 Zurich, Switzerland. sabine.rohrmann@uzh.ch.

Abstract

Processed meat (PM) intake is associated with health risks, but data are lacking in Switzerland. Using national representative data from a recent menuCH Survey, we first aimed to quantify intake of PM and its subtypes, and second to investigate associations with sociodemographic and lifestyle factors by multivariable regression analysis. PM was consumed by 72% of the population, and mean daily intake was 42.7 g/day (standard error of the mean (SEM) 1.2 g/day), ranging considerably across PM subtypes: highest intake of sausages 18.1 g/day (SEM 0.7 g/day) and lowest of bacon 2.0 g/day (SEM 0.2 g/day). PM intake by women was 4.7 g/1000 kcal lower than men (95% confidence interval (CI): -6.7; -2.7) and 2.9 g/1000 kcal lower in the French- language region compared with the German region (95% CI: 2.4; 8.7). Among sociodemographic and lifestyle factors examined, BMI (obese vs. normal: 5.5 g/1000 kcal, 95% CI: 2.4; 8.7) and current smoking (vs. never smoked: 3.1 g/kcal, 95% CI: 0.6; 5.6) were independently associated with PM intake. The results are a first description of PM intake, separate from other meat types, and which identified associations with two unhealthy lifestyle factors in Switzerland. Such data will contribute to better nutritional recommendations and guidance for public health interventions.

KEYWORDS:

chronic disease; meat consumption; meat intake; meat products; menuCH; nutrition survey; processed meat

PMID:
31652799
DOI:
10.3390/nu11112556
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Loading ...
Support Center