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Turk J Ophthalmol. 2019 Oct 24;49(5):243-249. doi: 10.4274/tjo.galenos.2019.70104.

Impact of Cataract Surgery on Functional Balance Skills of Adults

Author information

1
University of Health Sciences, Antalya Health Practice and Research Center, Department of Ophthalmology, Antalya, Turkey
2
Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic, Ankara, Turkey
3
Bahçeşehir University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, İstanbul, Turkey

Abstract

Objectives:

To investigate the impact of phacoemulsification surgery and intraocular lens implantation on the functional balance skills of adults.

Materials and Methods:

This prospective study included patients with cataract who were recommended phacoemulsification surgery and intraocular lens implantation between May and October 2016. The Berg Balance Scale and Tinetti Gait and Balance Test were performed by a physical therapy specialist before and 1 month after surgery. Patients were analyzed in terms of age, visual acuity, and balance. Balance scores before and after cataract surgery were compared. We also compared patients with high (≤2 LogMAR) and low (>2 LogMAR) visual acuity. P values below 0.05 were accepted as statistically significant.

Results:

Fifty-one patients (27 female and 24 male, mean age 66.96 years) were included in the study. One month after surgery, the patients’ Berg Balance scores and Tinetti Gait and Balance scores were increased by 3.60±5.00% and 4.14±6.55%, respectively. Postoperative increase in visual acuity was significantly greater in the 16 patients with visual acuity less than 0.05 (>2 LogMAR) (p=0.036), but balance scores were not significantly different.

Conclusion:

Visual acuity is significantly improved one month after cataract surgery, which also leads to significant increases in low functional balance scores among patients with poorer vision. The rapid increase in vision after cataract surgery enhances balance skills, resulting in safer mobility and increased quality of life.

KEYWORDS:

Vision; cataract; balance; phacoemulsification; falls

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