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Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2020 Jan 1;25:673-682.

Iron should be restricted in acute infection.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.
2
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada.
3
, chlehmann@dal.ca.

Abstract

The trace element iron plays important roles in biological systems. Vital functions of both host organisms and pathogens require iron. During infection, the innate immune system reduces iron availability for invading organisms. Pathogens acquire iron through different mechanisms, primarily through the secretion of high-affinity iron chelating compounds known as siderophores. Bacterial siderophores have been used clinically for iron chelation, however synthetic iron chelators are superior for treating infection because - in contrast to siderophore-bound iron - bacteria are not able to utilize iron bound to those molecules. Additionally, utilizing siderophores-dependent iron uptake in a "trojan horse" manner represents a potential option to carry antibiotics into bacterial cells. Recently, synthetic iron chelators have been shown to enhance antibiotic effectiveness and overcome antibiotic resistance. This has implications for the treatment of infections through combination therapy of iron chelators and antibiotics.

PMID:
31585910

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