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Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2020 Jan 1;25:299-334.

A new backpropagation neural network classification model for prediction of incidence of malaria.

Author information

1
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, National Institute of Technology Goa, India.
2
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, ABES Engineering College, Ghaziabad, India.
3
Advanced Knowledge Engineering Center, Global Biomedical Technologies, Inc., Roseville, CA, USA, jsuri@comcast.net.

Abstract

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasitic protozoans of the Plasmodium family. These parasites are transmitted by mosquitos which are common in certain parts of the world. Based on their specific climates, these regions have been classified  as low and high risk regions using a backpropagation neural network (BPNN). However, this approach yielded low performance and stability necessitating development of a more robust model. We hypothesized that by spiking neuron models in simulating the characteristics of a neuron, which when embedded with a BPNN, could improve the performance for the assessment of malaria prone regions. To this end, we created an inter-spike interval (ISI)-based BPNN (ISI-BPNN) architecture that uses a single-pass spiking learning strategy and has a parallel structure that is useful for non-linear regression tasks. Existing malaria dataset comprised of 1296 records, that met these attributes, were used. ISI-BPNN showed superior performance, and a high accuracy. The benchmarking results showed reliability and stability and an improvement of 11.9% against a multilayer perceptron and 9.19% against integrate-and-fire neuron models. The ISI-BPNN model is well suited for deciphering the risk of acquiring malaria as well as other diseases in prone regions of the world.

PMID:
31585891

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