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Med Sci Monit. 2019 Oct 2;25:7383-7390. doi: 10.12659/MSM.919319.

Tivantinib Hampers the Proliferation of Glioblastoma Cells via PI3K/Akt/Mammalian Target of Rapamycin (mTOR) Signaling.

Author information

1
Department of General Practice, Linyi Central Hospital, Yishui, Shandong, China (mainland).
2
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Linyi Central Hospital, Yishui, Shandong, China (mainland).
3
Department of Neurosurgery, Jinan Fourth People's Hospital, Jinan, Shandong, China (mainland).

Abstract

BACKGROUND Glioblastoma, the most common and malignant glial tumor, often has poor prognosis. Tivantinib has shown its potential in treating c-Met-high carcinoma. No studies have explored whether tivantinib inhibits the development of glioblastoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS The correlation between c-Met expression and clinicopathological characteristics of glioblastoma was investigated. U251 and T98MG glioblastoma cells treated with tivantinib, PI3K inhibitor (LY294002), PI3K activator (740 Y-P), and/or mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor were subjected to MTT assay or colony formation assay to evaluate cell proliferation. The expression of mTOR signaling and caspase-3 in tivantinib-treated glioblastoma cells was differentially measured by western blotting. RESULTS In a group of Chinese patients, expression of c-Met was elevated with the size of glioblastoma, but not with the other clinicopathological characteristics, including gender, age, grade, IDH status, 1p/19q status, and Ki67 status. High dose of tivantinib (1 μmol/L) obviously repressed the proliferation and colony formation of U251 and T98MG glioblastoma cells, but low dose (0.1 μmol/L) of tivantinib failed to retard cell proliferation. Tivantinib blocked PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling but did not change the expression of cleaved caspase-3. PI3K activator 740 Y-P (20 μmol/L) significantly rescued tivantinib-induced decrease of cell proliferation. Tivantinib (1 μmol/L) in combination with PI3K inhibitor LY294002 (0.5 μmol/L) and mTOR inhibitor rapamycin (0.1 nmol/L) largely inhibited the proliferation of glioblastoma cells. CONCLUSIONS c-MET inhibitor tivantinib blocks PIKE/Akt/mTOR signaling and hampers the proliferation of glioblastoma cells, which endows the drug a therapeutic effect.

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