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Turk J Ophthalmol. 2019 Sep 3;49(4):220-223. doi: 10.4274/tjo.galenos.2019.79999.

The Utility of Colistin in Multiple Drug-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa Bacterial Keratitis in a Kaposi’s Sarcoma Patient

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Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, İzmir, Turkey
Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Microbiology, İzmir, Turkey


A 71-year-old male patient presented with decreased visual acuity, redness, and discharge in his right eye for 5 days. He had undergone evisceration of his left eye several years earlier. Before presentation, he had received chemotherapeutic agents for Kaposi’s sarcoma of the scalp. Slit-lamp examination revealed severe hypopyon and an extensive corneal ulcer with surrounding infiltrate, which extended to the deep stroma. Microbiological evaluation identified the causative agent to be multiple drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Based on culture and susceptibility results, the patient was started on topical colistin 0.19% instilled hourly. Complete resolution of keratitis with residual corneal scarring was observed. In recent years, there has been an increase in drug resistance in P. aeruginosa keratitis. The lack of new antimicrobial agents against these resistant strains has led clinicians to reconsider colistin, which is an old drug. In this report, we aimed to stress the utility of colistin in multiple drug-resistant P. aeruginosa bacterial keratitis in a Kaposi’s sarcoma patient.


Colistin; multiple drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa; keratitis

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