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Turk J Ophthalmol. 2019 Sep 3;49(4):188-193. doi: 10.4274/tjo.galenos.2019.05874.

Clinical Profile and Treatment Response of Patients with Ocular Inflammation due to Presumed Ocular Tuberculosis: A Retrospective Study

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, ESIC Medical College and PGIMSR, The TN. Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai, India
2
Consultant Ophthalmologist, Chennai, India (Past Affiliation: ESIC Medical College and PGIMSR, K.K. Nagar, Chennai)
3
Consultant Ophthalmologist, Puducherry, India (Past Affiliation: ESIC Medical College and PGIMSR, K.K. Nagar, Chennai)

Abstract

Objectives:

Ocular tuberculosis is an extrapulmonary tuberculous infection and has varying manifestations which pose a huge challenge to diagnosis and treatment. The purpose of this study is to describe the various clinical manifestations of ocular inflammations due to tuberculosis and to assess the response to treatment following antituberculous therapy (ATT) and corticosteroids in these patients.

Materials and Methods:

We performed a retrospective analysis of 29 patients with presumed ocular tuberculosis who were started on ATT and completed follow-up of at least 6 months after ATT was initiated. The data collected were: age at presentation, sex, laterality, presence or absence of pulmonary/extrapulmonary tuberculosis, history of exposure to tuberculosis, site of ocular involvement and duration of illness, visual acuity at presentation and at 6-month follow-up, and response to treatment.

Results:

Most of the patients were of economically productive age, between 21-60 years. This most common presentation in our study population was unilateral nongranulomatous anterior uveitis. In spite of the delay between symptom onset and start of therapy, favorable response was noted in 79.3% of patients at completion of 6 months of ATT. The various reasons for the delay in start of therapy were also evaluated.

Conclusion:

In this case series, we presented the various ocular manifestations and the difficulties faced in the diagnosis of presumed ocular tuberculosis. Outcomes of ATT were favorable in most of our patients. Thus, the clinician should exercise a very high degree of suspicion and should not withhold a trial of ATT.

KEYWORDS:

tuberculosis; Presumed ocular tuberculosis; ocular inflammation; extrapulmonary tuberculosis

PMID:
31486605
DOI:
10.4274/tjo.galenos.2019.05874
Free PMC Article

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