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J Orthop Trauma. 2019 Sep;33(9):e339-e344. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000001494.

Underlying Mental Illness and Psychosocial Factors Are Predictors of Poor Outcomes After Proximal Humerus Repair.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, NYU Langone Health, NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, NY.
2
Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Jamaica Hospital Medical Center, Queens, NY.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

(1) To assess the correlation of psychosocial factors and long-term outcomes of proximal humerus fractures all in surgical repair; (2) to identify specific psychosocial factors with favorable and unfavorable outcomes; and (3) to assess the correlation between DSM-V mental health diagnoses and long-term Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) scores.

DESIGN:

Prospective cohort study.

SETTING:

Academic medical center.

PATIENTS:

Patients were screened and identified on presentation to the emergency department or in the clinical office for inclusion in an institutional review board-approved registry. One hundred eighty-five proximal humerus fractures of 247 met inclusion criteria.

INTERVENTION:

Surgical repair of proximal humerus fractures.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

All patients were prospectively followed up and assessed for clinical and functional outcomes at latest follow-up visit (mean = 24.8 months) using the DASH questionnaires along with ranges of motion and pain level. Psychosocial factors at 3 months were obtained from the DASH survey.

RESULTS:

Concomitant diagnosis of depressed mood (P = 0.001), anxiety (P < 0.0005), low energy level (P = 0.003), and fatigue (P = 0.001) correlated significantly with poorer outcome. All 6 psychosocial factors correlated directly and significantly with pain at latest follow-up (P < 0.0005). Multiple regression analysis revealed that the strongest predictor of the overall DASH score was the extent of interference with social life (P = 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Analysis demonstrated that psychological and social factors at 3 months postoperatively have a strong correlation with negative long-term (>1 year) outcomes after proximal humerus fixation. Clinicians may offer psychological support and encourage social support to these patients postoperatively to improve pain and treatment outcomes.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Prognostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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